Manhaj Hadis Imam al-Syafi‘i dalam Konteks Istinbat Hukum

Authors

  • Mohd Khafidz Soroni Research Institute of Quran and Hadis (INHAD), College of International Islamic University (KUIS), 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Keywords:

Al-Syafi‘i, Methodology, Hadith, Dedeuctive, Law

Abstract

Islamic law is based on the revelation contained in the Qur'an and hadith.  In order to understand and deduce the law from both, the scholars have outlined a strong, solid and perfect methodology so that the understanding and practice implemented coincide with the will of Allah SWT.  However, not all the issues in the constructed methodology are agreed upon by the scholars.  This is because differences in viewing and evaluating the issues sometimes lead to differences of opinion between them. This led to the emergence of various sects pioneered by the mujtahid imams in the early development of the discipline of Islamic studies.  Among them is Imam al-Syafi‘i (d. 204H) who is famous for his school of jurisprudence, the school of Syafii.  The scholars who follow his sect then take the same path according to the methodology that has been outlined by him.  In this study, the discussion will be focused on the method of analyzing hadith used by him in the process of inferring the law from the hadith of the Prophet SAW.  A qualitative study based on the analysis of this document reviews these important aspects through research on the views and thoughts of Imam al-Syafi‘i in interacting with hadith. The studies found that Imam al-Syafi‘i has made a great contribution in the discipline of hadith and his method has given a significant influence on the scholars who came after him.

References

Abu Dawud, Sulayman ibn al-Asy‘ath al-Sijistani, Sunan Abi Dawud. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1994.

Abū Ghuddah, ‘Abd al-Fattah.. Lamahat min Tarikh al-Sunnah wa ‘Ulum al-Hadith, Cet. 4. Halab: Maktab al-Matbu‘at al-Islamiyyah, 1997.

Abu Yusuf, Ya‘qub bin Ibrahim al-Ansari, al-Rad ‘ala Siyar al-Awza‘i. tahkik Abu al-Wafa al-Afghani. Hyderabad, India: Lajnah Ihya’ al-Ma‘arif al-Nu‘maniyyah, t.t.

Al-‘Iraqi, Waliy al-Din Abu Zur‘ah, al-Ajwibah al-Mardiyyah ‘an al-As’ilah al-Makkiyyah. Jizah, Mesir: Maktabah al-Taw‘iyyah al-Islamiyyah, t.t.

Al-Bahlawi, Muhammad ‘Abdullah, Adillat al-Hanafiyyah min al-Ahadith al-Nabawiyyah. Dimasyq: Dar al-Qalam, 2010.

Al-Bayhaqi, Ahmad bin al-Husayn, Ma‘rifat al-Sunan wa al-Athar. Dimasyq-Beirut: Dar Qutaybah, Halab-Dimasyq: Dar al-Wa‘yi & Mansurah-Kaherah: Dar al-Wafa’, 1991.

Al-Bayhaqi, Ahmad bin al-Husayn, Manaqib al-Syafi‘i. ikhtisar dan ta‘liq Syeikh Muhammad Nur al-Din al-Banjari: Majlis al-Banjari, 1996.

Al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Isma‘il, Sahih al-Bukhari, tahkik: Mustafa Dib al-Bugha, c. 2, Dimasyq : Dar al-‘Ulum al-Insaniyyah, 1993.

Al-Daraqutni, ‘Ali bin ‘Umar, Sunan al-Daraqutni. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 2004.

Al-Dhahabi, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin ‘Uthman, Siyar al-A‘lam al-Nubala’. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risalah, 1985.

Al-Ghumari, Syeikh Muhammad bin Hasan, Marwiyyat al-Imam al-Syafi‘i ‘an Syaykhihi Ibrahim Ibn Muhammad Ibn Abi Yahya. Fakulti Syariah dan Dirasat Islamiyyah, Universiti al-Malik ‘Abd al-‘Aziz, Makkah, 1967.

Al-Juwayni, ‘Abd al-Malik bin ‘Abdullah, al-Burhan fi Usul al-Fiqh. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 1997.

Al-Laknawi, Muhammad ‘Abd al-Hayy, Zafar al-Amani bi Sharh Mukhtasar al-Sayyid al-Syarif al-Jurjani, c. 3, tahkik : ‘Abd al-Fattah Abu Ghuddah. Halab : Maktab al-Matbu‘at al-Islamiyyah, 1996.

Al-Laknawi, Muhammad ‘Abd al-Hayy, Zafar al-Amani fi Mukhtasar al-Jurjani, tahkik : Taqiy al-Din al-Nadwi. Dubai : Dar al-Qalam, 1995.

Al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din Yahya bin Syaraf, al-Adhkar al-Muntakhab min Kalam Sayyid al-Mursalin SAW. Tahkik: Ahmad Ratib Hammush. Dimasyq: Dar al-Fikr, 1983.

Al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din Yahya bin Syaraf, al-Adhkar al-Nawawiyyah. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1994.

Al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din Yahya bin Syaraf, al-Majmu‘ Sharh al-Muhadhdhab. Mesir: Idarah al-Tiba‘ah al-Muniriyyah, t.t.

al-Nawawi, Muhyi al-Din Yahya bin Syaraf, al-Taqrib wa al-Taysir li Ma‘rifah Sunan al-Basyir al-Nadhir. Beirut: Dar al-Kitab al-‘Arabi, 1985.

Al-Qarafi, Ahmad bin Idris al-Maliki, Syarh Tanqih al-Fusul. Mesir: Syirkah al-Tiba‘ah al-Fanniyyah al-Muttahidah, 1973.

Al-Sakhawi, Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Rahman, al-Qawl al-Badi‘. Tahkik: Basyir Muhammad ‘Uyun. cet. 2. Dimasyq: Maktabah Dar al-Bayan, 1994.

Al-Subki, Taqiy al-Din, Ma’na Qawl al-Imam al-Muttalibi: Idha Sah al-Hadith Fahuwa Madhhabi, Mu’assasah Qurtubah, t.t.

Al-Suyuti, Jalal al-Din ‘Abd al-Rahman, Tadrib al-Rawi fi Sharh Taqrib al-Nawawi, tahkik Syeikh ‘Irfan ‘Abd al-Qadir Hassunah, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1993.

Al-Syafi‘i, Muhammad bin Idris, al-Risalah. Tahkik: Ahmad Syakir. Kaherah: Maktabah al-Halabi, 1940.

Al-Syafi‘i, Muhammad bin Idris, al-Risalah. Tahkik: Dr. ‘Abd al-Fattah Zafir Kabbarah. Beirut: Dar al-Nafa’is, 1999.

Al-Syafi‘i, Muhammad bin Idris, al-Umm. Tahkik: Dr. Rif‘at Fawzi ‘Abd al-Muttalib. Mansurah, Mesir: Dar al-Wafa’, 2001.

Al-Syafi‘i, Muhammad bin Idris, Ikhtilaf al-Hadith. Tahkik: ‘Amir Ahmad Haydar. Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Kutub al-Thaqafiyyah, 1985.

Al-Tarmasi, Muhammad Mahfuz, Manhaj Dhawi al-Nazar fi Sharh Manzumah ‘Ilm al-Athar. Surabaya: al-Haramayn, t.t.

Al-Tarmasi, Muhammad Mahfuz, Mawhibah Dhi al-Fadl ‘ala Sharh al-‘Allamah Ibn Hajar Muqaddimah Ba-fadl. Jeddah: Dar al-Minhaj, 2011.

Al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn Sawrah, Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi, dalam: al-Mubarakfuri, Muhammad ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Abd al-Rahim, Tuhfah al-Ahwadhi bi Sharh Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi, Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1995.

Al-Tirmidhi, Muhammad ibn ‘Isa ibn Sawrah, Jami‘ al-Tirmidhi. Tahkik: Basysyar ‘Awwad Ma‘ruf. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami, 1998.

Al-Turkamani, ‘Abd al-Majid, Dirasat fi Usul al-Hadith ‘ala Manhaj al-Hanafiyyah. Karachi, Pakistan: Madrasah al-Nu‘man, 2009.

Ibn ‘Asakir, Abu al-Qasim ‘Ali bin al-Hasan al-Dimasyqi, Tarikh Dimasyq. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr, 1995.

Ibn al-Humam, Muhammad bin ‘Abd al-Wahid, Fath al-Qadir. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah, 2003.

Ibn al-Mulaqqin, Imam, Sunniyyah al-Jumu‘ah al-Qabliyyah, tahkik Firas Muhammad Walid Ways, t.tp, 1999.

Ibn Majah, Muhammad ibn Yazid, al-Sunan. tahkik: Muhammad Fu’ad ‘Abd al-Baqi. Kaherah: Matba‘ah Dar Ihya’ al-Kutub al-‘Arabiyyah, t.t.

Iman Mustafa ‘Usfurah, al-‘Amal bi al-Hadith al-Da‘if ‘ind al-Imam al-Syafi‘i: Dirasah Tatbiqiyyah min Khilal Kitabihi al-Umm. Tesis Ph.D. Fakulti Usuluddin, Universiti Islam Ghazza, 2019.

Kaylani Muhammad Khalifah, Manhaj al-Hanafiyyah fi Naqd al-Hadith bayna al-Nazariyyah wa al-Tatbiq. Kaherah: Dar al-Salam, 2010.

Muhammad ‘Awwamah, Athar al-Hadith al-Syarif fi Ikhtilaf al-A’immah al-Fuqaha’, Beirut: Dar al-Basya’ir al-Islamiyyah, cet. 4, 1997.

Muhammad Khayr ‘Ali Faraj, Dr., Tarikh Mustalah al-Sunnah wa Dalalatuhu, Beirut: Dar al-Basya’ir al-Islamiyyah, 2012.

Muhammad Muhammad Abu Syahbah , Difa‘ ‘an al-Sunnah, Kaherah: Maktabah al-Sunnah, 1989.

Muslim bin al-Hajjaj al-Qusyayri, Sahih Muslim. Beirut: Dar al-Jil, t.t..

Downloads

Published

2022-01-26

How to Cite

Soroni, M. K. . (2022). Manhaj Hadis Imam al-Syafi‘i dalam Konteks Istinbat Hukum. Journal of Ifta and Islamic Heritage, 1(1), 173–217. Retrieved from https://ejournal.muftiwp.gov.my/index.php/jiftah/article/view/22