Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni dan Karya Agungnya ‘Nihayat Al-Matlab Fi Dirayat Al-Madhhab’

Authors

  • Mohammad Zaini Yahaya Research Centre for Sharia, Faculty of Islamic Studies, The National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Muhammad Adib Samsudin Research Centre for Sharia, Faculty of Islamic Studies, The National University of Malaysia (UKM) 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.

Keywords:

Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni, Nihayat al-Matlab fi Dirayat al-Madhhab, Furu’ Fiqhiyyah

Abstract

Imam al-Haramayn is a very influential figure in the Shafi’i school of fiqh. Innumerable studies of him in the field of kalam have entrenched his eminence in the field of fiqh, especially the Shafi’i school. Besides, the Nihayat al-Matlab fi Dirayat al-Madhhab plays an important role in the historical development and evaluation of the Shafi’i school. This qualitative study intended to reveal the eminence of Imam al-Haramayn in the fiqh of the Shafi’i school and the writing methodology used in Nihayat al-Matlab scripture until it became known as ‘al-Madhhab al-Kabir’. Data related to the Imam’s biography were gathered from historical scriptures, mainly the al-tabaqat scriptures. Whereas, data concerning the methodology of writing Nihayat al-Matlab scripture was obtained from the scripture itself as well as the introduction by the verifier of the scripture, ‘Abd al-‘Azim al-Dib. Findings show that Imam al-Haramayn is an authoritative figure when it comes to the Shafi’i school. Nihayat al-Matlab is an important scripture used in the initial screening of views adduced by fuqaha from the Shafi’i school, specifically tariqat al-‘Iraqiyyin and al-Hijaziyyin. This scripture collects and forms a method as well as the guidelines and principles (al-dabit) for the various branches of jurisprudence (furu’ fiqhiyyah) involved in the Shafi’i school, which Imam al-Haramayn tied to produce. Hence, the originality and reformation had made the scripture very famous among fuqaha of the Shafi’i school. Further studies should focus on the Nihayat al-Matlab scripture from various aspects, such as fiqh, usul fiqh, maqasid al-shari’ah and siyasah.

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Published

2022-01-26

How to Cite

Yahaya, M. Z. ., & Samsudin, M. A. . (2022). Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni dan Karya Agungnya ‘Nihayat Al-Matlab Fi Dirayat Al-Madhhab’. Journal of Ifta and Islamic Heritage, 1(1), 1–29. Retrieved from https://ejournal.muftiwp.gov.my/index.php/jiftah/article/view/7